Vintage estate hand crochet round lace doily mat set, two round lace doily measuring approximately 13" in diameter, two ovals measuring approximately 15.5" x 13.5" done in a fine cotton thread in a deep red color with creamy white lace trim along the outside scalloped edges. EXCELLENT condition. We found no stains, no tears and no other damage to note. We know this to be from an estate, and therefore can date this to the time the decedent was crocheting. (c. 1950's)
Many table linens are crocheted and sometimes knitted out of cotton or linen thread. Openwork allows the surface of the underlying object to show through. In addition to their decorative function doilies have the utilitarian role of protecting fine-wood furniture from the scratches caused by crockery or decorative objects.
Many patterns for crocheting or knitting doilies were published by thread manufacturers in the first part of the 20th century. The designers were often anonymous. The designs could be circular or oval starting from the center and working outward, reminiscent of the Polar coordinates system. Doilies, as well as other household items, may be made by crocheting rows on a grid pattern using a technique called filet crochet, similar to points on the Cartesian coordinate system. Although it may to some extent interfere with the original use, some doilies have raised designs (rose petals, popcorn, or ruffles) rather than being flat.
Using the antique art of crochet Doilies were originally crocheted with thread and used to protect table and dresser tops, and gained popularity in the Victorian Era, when women hand worked them in their spare time to add a little elegance to their households. At one time, these items were considered so important that a young lady was expected to have at least ten to be ready for marriage, and these were carefully stored in a hope chest to be used when she set up her household. As in all items of this nature, many hours go into the construction of the item, and each stitch is done by hand, as there is no machinery which can accurately do this work.
Crochet began turning up in Europe in the early 1800's and was given a tremendous boost by Mlle. Riego de la Branchardiere, who was best known for her ability to take old-style needle and bobbin lace designs and turn them into crochet patterns that could easily be duplicated. She published many pattern books so that millions of women could begin to copy her designs. Mlle. Riego also claimed to have invented "lace-like" crochet, today called Irish crochet.
Lavish crochet emerged along with other elaborate needlework of the 1800’s. Proceeds from crochet items saved the Irish from starvation.
These vintage handmade red cotton crochet lace doilies would make a pretty addition to your fine table linens. Quite festive! Just a quick press and they're ready to use!
A1909 - Vintage HAND CROCHET LACE RED DOILY SET / Set of Four White Trim Ovals & Rounds